Mardi le 10 janvier 2006
Islam was founded as a theocracy, such that the Western innovation of church-state separation remains alien to its culture. ... Islam can enter into dialogue with modernity, but only if it radically reinterprets the Koran, and takes the specific legislation of the Koran, like cutting off your hand if you're a thief, or being able to have four wives, or whatever, and takes the principles behind those specific pieces of legislation for the 7th century of Arabia, and now applies them, and modifies them, for a new society [in] which women are now respected for their full dignity, where democracy's important, religious freedom's important, and so on. And if Islam does that, then it will be able to enter into real dialogue and live together with other religions and other kinds of cultures. ... but there's a fundamental problem with that because in the Islamic tradition, God has given His word to Mohammed, but it's an eternal word. It's not Mohammed's word. It's there for eternity the way it is. There's no possibility of adapting it or interpreting it, whereas in Christianity, and Judaism, the dynamism's completely different, that God has worked through his creatures. And so it is not just the word of God, it's the word of Isaiah, not just the word of God, but the word of Mark. He's used his human creatures, and inspired them to speak his word to the world, and therefore by establishing a church in which he gives authority to his followers to carry on the tradition and interpret it, there's an inner logic to the Christian Bible, which permits it and requires it to be adapted and applied to new situations. ...changing would require a radical reinterpretation of what the Koran is... which is it's impossible, because it's against the very nature of the Koran, as it's understood by Muslims." Hebrew and Christian scripture claim to be the report of human encounters with God. After the Torah is read each Saturday in synagogues, the congregation intones that the text stems from "the mouth of God by the hand of Moses", a leader whose flaws kept him from entering the Promised Land. The Jewish rabbis, moreover, postulated the existence of an unwritten Revelation whose interpretation permits considerable flexibility with the text. Christianity's Gospels, by the same token, are the reports of human evangelists. The Archangel Gabriel, by contrast, dictated the Koran to Mohammed, according to Islamic doctrine. That sets a dauntingly high threshold for textual critics. How does one criticize the word of God without rejecting its divine character? In that respect the Koran resembles the "Golden Tablets" of the Angel Moroni purported found by the Mormon leader Joseph Smith more than it does the Jewish or Christian bibles. ... the leading Muslim authorities, who are unanimous that Islam is in no need of reform. The immutable character of Islamic revelation makes the subject of Koranic criticism into a minefield.
2:41:27 PM
Si vous ne craignez pas la vérité, vous ne devez pas craindre la liberté.
10:46:03 AM
Benoît XVI a dénoncé «le terrorisme organisé» qui s'est saisi de l'ensemble de la planète, comme une «activité criminelle», d'autant plus condamnable qu'elle se cache derrière les oripeaux de la religion. Le terrorisme ne peut pas s'abriter derrière le «bouclier» d'une religion, car il rabaisse «au niveau de son aveuglement et de sa perversion morale la pureté de Dieu».
10:44:16 AM